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Invalid polychaete families

The following polychaete family names are misspellings or have been synonymised with other families. Also included are a few higher taxa that have moved into or out of the Polychaeta. Complete synonymies for families should be sought in other sources (principally Fauchald, 1977; Hartmann, 1959, 1965; and major family revisions). The following list is intended to include the most commonly encountered synonyms, and those most recently proposed. The references cited below are in many cases those which best explain the history of the taxonomy or nomenclature; they are not necessarily the original authority for establishing the synonymy.

Archinomidae = Amphinomidae see Hutchings (2000)
Ammocharidae = Oweniidae see Fauchald & Rouse (1997)
Antonbruunidae = Pilargidae see Glasby (1993)
Arabellidae = Oenonidae see Orensanz (1990)
Boguidae = Maldanidae see Wolf (1983)
Calamyzidae = Syllidae see Glasby (1993)
Caobangiidae = Sabellidae see Fitzhugh (1989)
Chloraemidae = Flabelligeridae see Fauchald (1977)
Dinophilidae = Dorvilleidae  see Eibye-Jacobsen & Kristensen (1994)
Eulepidae = Eulepethidae  see Chamberlin (1919)
Dinophilidae = Dorvilleidae  see Eibye-Jacobsen & Kristensen (1994)
Helmetophoridae = Flabelligeridae see Glasby & Fauchald (1991)
Hermellidae = Sabellariidae see Fauchald (1977)
Heterospionidae = Longosomatidae  see Borowski (1995)
Iphitimidae =  Dorvilleidae  see Eibye-Jacobsen & Kristensen (1994)
Levidoridae = Syllidae see Glasby (1993)
Levinsenidae = Paraonidae see Cerruti (1909)
Longosomidae = Longosomatidae  see Borowski (1995)
Lysaretidae (in part: Lysarete) = Lumbrineridae see Orensanz (1990)
Lysaretidae (in part: Halla, Oenone, Tainokia) = Oenonidae see Orensanz (1990)
Myzostomidae = Myzostomida see Zrzavý et al. (2001) [myzostomes are no longer considered polychaetes]
Nereidae =  Nereididae  see Pettibone (1971)
Pareulepidae = Eulepethidae  see Pettibone (1969)
Peisidicidae =  Pholoidae see Fauchald (1977)
Pholoididae =  Pholoidae  see Pettibone (1992a)
Pogonophora =  Siboglinidae  see Rouse & Fauchald (1998); Rouse (2001)
Polyodontidae =  Acoetidae see Pettibone (1989) [Polyodontidae refers corrrectly to a family of fishes.]
Scalibregmidae =  Scalibregmatidae  see Bertelsen & Weston (1980)
Spirorbidae =  Serpulidae  see ten Hove (1984); Fitzhugh (1989)
Vestimentifera =  Siboglinidae  see Rouse & Fauchald (1998); Rouse (2001)


Bertelsen, RD and Weston, DP. 1980. A new species of Sclerobregma (Polychaeta: Scalibregmatidae) from off the southeastern United States. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 93, 708-713.

Borowski, C. 1995. New records of Longosomatidae (Heterospionidae) (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the abyssal Southeast Pacific, with the description of Heterospio peruana sp.n. and general remarks on the family. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 92, 129-144.

Cerruti, A. 1909. Contributo all'anatomia, biologia e sistematica delle Paraonidae (Levinsenidae) con particolare riguardo alle specie del golfo di Napoli. Mittheilungrn aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel 19, 459-512.

Chamberlin, RV. 1919. The Annelida Polychaeta. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 48, 1-514.

Day, JH. 1967. A Monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London.

Eibye-Jacobsen, D and Kristensen, RM. 1994. A new genus and species of Dorvilleidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Bermuda, with a phylogenetic analysis of Dorvilleidae, Iphitimidae and Dinophilidae. Zoologica Scripta 23, 107-131.

Fauchald, K. 1977. The polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 28, 1-188.

Fauchald, K and Rouse, G. 1997. Polychaete systematics: past and present. Zoologica Scripta 26, 71-138.

Fitzhugh, K. 1989. A systematic revision of the Sabellidae-Caobangiidae-Sabellongidae complex (Annelida: Polychaeta). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 192, 1-104.

Glasby, CJ. 1993. Family revision and cladistic analysis of the Nereidoidea (Polychaeta: Phyllodocida). Invertebrate Taxonomy 7, 1551-1573.

Glasby, CJ and Fauchald, K. 1991. Redescription of Helmetophorus rankini Hartman, 1978 (Polychaeta: Helmetophoridae) and its transfer to the Flabelligeridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 104, 684-687.

Hutchings, PA. 2000. Family Amphinomidae. In Beesley, PL, Ross, GJB and Glasby, CJ (eds). Polychaetes and Allies: the Southern Synthesis. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 107-110.

Imajima, M and Hove, HAt. 1984. Serpulinae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from the Truk Island, Ponape and Majuro Atoll, with some other new Indo-Pacific records. Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology 27, 35-66.

Orensanz, JM. 1990. The Eunicemorph Polychaete Annelids from Antarctic and Subantarctic Seas with addenda to the Eunicemorpha of Argentina, Chile, New Zealand, Australia, and the Southern Indian Ocean. Biology of the Antarctic Seas Antarctic Research Series 52, 1-183.

Pettibone, MH. 1971. Revision of some species referred to Leptonereis, Nicon, and Laeonereis (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 104, 1-53.

Pettibone, MH. 1989. Revision of the aphroditoid polychaetes of the family Acoetidae Kinberg (=Polyodontidae Augener) and reestablishment of Acoetes Audouin and Milne-Edwards, 1832, and Euarche Ehlers,1887. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 464, 1-138.

Pettibone, MH. 1992. Contribution to the polychaete family Pholoidae Kinberg. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 532, 1-22.

Rouse, GW and Pleijel, F. 2001. Polychaetes. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Wolf, PS. 1983. A revision of the Bogueidae Hartman and Fauchald 1971, and its reduction to Bogueinae, a subfamily of Maldanidae (Polychaeta). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96, 238-249.

Zrzavý, J, Hypa, V and Tietz, DF. 2001. Myzostomida Are Not Annelids: Molecular and Morphological Support for a Clade of Animals with Anterior Sperm Flagella. Cladistics 17, 170-198.